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Click the tab to the right to see the full text of Senator Leahy’s letter to Secretary Vilsack calling for a Moratorium on new hydroponic certification.

Dear Secretary Vilsack,                                                                                    Feb 24, 2016


I am writing to strongly request that the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) National Organic Program (NOP) immediately implement a moratorium on issuance of new organic certifications to hydroponic, aquaponics, and other soil-less growing operations. The moratorium should be kept in place until a final rule on soil-less growing operations is issued by the NOP. This is a matter of real and immediate concern to my constituents and farmers in Vermont, and to organic farmers across the country.


Organic farming derives its name from practices that maintain soil integrity with a careful balance of organic matter. Farmers who have advised me since before I wrote the Organic Foods Production Act see soil as fundamental to organics. As it now stands, consumers have no way of knowing that these products are grown in an artificial medium. I am pleased that the USDA has intitiated a process to resolve this question.  The Hydroponic and Aquaponic Task Force is studying the issue in depth right now, and will report back this summer to the National Organic Standards Board, which will then make its recommendations to the NOP. 


While most USDA-approved organic certifying agents do not consider soil-less growing as organic agriculture, there are a small number of certifiers that continue to provide new organic certifications for soil-less production without objection from the NOP. I am concerned that these extremely large operations that are being certified are displacing soil-grown greenhouse products from the marketplace. The rate of certifications seems to be increasing rapidly, presumably as hydroponic operations look to take advantage of any future "grandfathering" provisions in a final NOP rule. For this reason an immediate moratorium on new certifications is needed. 


With a moratorium in place, the task force process needs to be balanced and transparent and action by the NOP should reflect advice from the NOSB. There can be no further delays and I strongly advise that the final outcome reflect the fundamental concepts framed in the Organic Foods Production Act. 




Patrick Leahy

United States Senator

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